Blonde Ashley

Sometimes it's good to be a little weird

Biology: Chordates

Chordates are animals that have a notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve chord and other different body parts that they have for particular parts of their life cycle.

The biggest difference between chordates and vertebrates are the notochord and the hollow dorsal nerve chord. Most chordates are sea dwelling creatures. Vertebrates have distinguishable spines.


Western Civilization: Lesson 110

The Great Schism was a significant event in the history of the Medieval Church. The Great Schism was the church dividing. One of the main reasons was the language barrier. The East’s official language was Greek while the west’s was Latin. They also had a difference of opinion in the way you should worship. In the 11th century the animosity between the people grew to the point that Michael Cerularius closed the western-style churches and the Catholic and Orthodox churches were born.

Philip Augustus II is best known for destroying the Angerin empire and King John of England. During this time French monarchs power was low because of lay power and decentralized of France’s power. When the Capetian King took over, Philip among these, he recognized control of the Angerin Empire and crushed the England and Nordic forces.

Indulgence is a Catholic belief, it’s a way of getting rid of your sins. Catholics believe that there are two punishments, eternal and temporary. Eternal is hell. Temporal is when you confess your sins to the priest.

Western Literature: Paul and Justin

The bases for Christianity is found in the New Testament. Justin was a Christian Martyr who professed and strongly believed what Jesus taught. Justin compiled a summery of Christianity into a book he called First Apology. A document written between 155-157 he wrote it primarily for Emperor Marcus Aurelius of Rome because he was a harsh persecutor of Christians.

One of the main themes is that God is sovereign, His laws are great and He is good.

Since Justin got his beliefs from the New Testament it is easy to compare them.

In the New Testament Paul talks about how loving his God is, he says that God will proctect and provide for us and he tells us that God is a good judge. He says that loving God and living a good and honest life will earn you eternal life in Heaven. But if you don’t love God and live a dishonest life you will go to hell.

In conclusion, they are very simular.

Western Civilization: Lesson 105

1. In the west around the 10th and 11th century there was a significant decline in spirituality. This was because monarchy took control of the Catholic Church. This meant that the ruler of the nation also had control of the church. Sadly this meant that sometimes the rulers were very moral people.

When Leo the Ninth was appointed in 1049, rigorous reforms were initiated. He spoke against very many things, but his reform was called ” moderate reform” due to the fact that he didn’t completely speak against the power of laymen ( rulers of the nation) he just suggested they change.

2. Pope Gregory was the greatest contributor to the reform in the 11th century. This is why its called ” The Gregorian Reform.” Gregory didn’t like that the Church was under the rule of kings. He believed that the church and state should be separate. With this in mind Pope Gregory VII set into motion making one of the most radical reform. Henry IV was shocked that the Pope would speak against him like that! And he tried to stop him. Gregory responded by verbally disposing and excommunicating him a couple times. Though he fought this Henry knew that the people took Gregory’s words seriously and he eventually relented.

3. In the Medieval Times Christianity was greatly spread throughout the West. The Chatholic Church was known as a strong influence in society. This is what lead to the west being called     “Christiandom.” Looking at history nobody can deny that Catholicism held much power. And its no surprise that it had so much power and was  so widespread because the monks would go anywhere to convert people.

Western Literature: Jesus’ Ethics vs. Zues’ Ethics

Zues and Jesus couldn’t be more opposite.

Zues was an unpredictable, emotionally driven god that punished and disciplined based on what he personally thought they should get. He threatened, bribed, and was down right mean to the people.

Jesus is a loving, merciful, kind God. He preached kindness and love. He says what will happen to us depending on what we do and it doesn’t change with his emotions. Zues decided whether or not he loved you depending on what you did for him. Jesus loves you no matter what you did or did not do.

Jesus and Zues are extremely different, Christian or not historians know Jesus walked on the Earth.  There is no proof that Zues ever lived.

Western Literature: Adoption and Inheritance

Paul writes that we are adopted into the family of God. And in being adopted into the family we receive an inheritance. Before Christ was crucified the Jews followed the Mosaic Law given to Moses on Mount Siani. The Jews could come into the Kingdom of God! All you have to do is receive Jesus into your heart.

But after Jesus came anyone could come into the Kingdom of God! All you have to do is receive Jesus into your heart.

” Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then a heir through God. However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature are not gods. But now that you have come to know God, how is it that you worthless elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again.” Galations 4:7-9

“For you have not received a spirit of a slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry “Abba!” “Father!” Romans 8:15

This was rare in the Jewish culture. That EVERYBODY was welcome to come?! God doesn’t just want the perfect ones He wants the broken, lonely, and hurt ones. He wants everybody!!

So often people look at the bond of adoption as being less close, I believe God intends it to be stronger!! God ADOPTED  us into his family and He loves us unconditionally! and Paul conveys that very well.

Biology: Water Through a Plant

First of all water comes from the soil to the xylem. The xylem is vascular tissue in plants. The xylem conducts water and dissolved nutrients up from the root. When in the xylem the forces of cohesion and adhesion make the water from a structure kind of like a column. It will then move from there to the mesophyll cells. These are the inside of leaves. The water then leaves the plant.

Western Civilization: Monorialism and Feudalism and William the Conqueror

Throughout the 9th and 10th centuries the vikings were raiding the European coast often. With all the raids many peasants sought protection, this is what caused the systems of Feudalism and Monorialism to happen.

Monorialism was an agreement between the lords and peasants. The agreement between the lords and peasants. The agreement was that the peasants would work for the lords and in return the lords would protect them from the vikings.

Feudalism was an agreement between the lord and his “Army” known as vassals. The lord would give the vassals a portion of land in exchange the vassals would fight for the lord.


When Harold was defeated, William the Conqueror was safe and England was safe. William claimed tons of land from the Anglo-Saxons. He gave land to the Normand nobles, though he did keep large portions of land for himself. He also kept track of peoples land so he could heavily tax them. This is just a little of what happened.

Western Civilization: The Koran and Justinian

In the Islamic religion there is one god, Allah. He is not a trinity like Christianity, he is self sufficient. Allah will punish those who don’t believe. He will do this through his followers and bring battles against them.his followers are aloud to kill and torture those who don’t believe. Every Islamic believer must listen to the teachings of Mohammed. Allah seems to have no grace and he doesn’t forgive and personally that isn’t a god I want to serve. But you do you.


The kind of person we see from Procopius portrayal of Justinian is a criminal that should be punished. He was not an upstanding person. He knew how  to get people to do as he wanted so he did it and that is not honorary.

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