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Blonde Ashley

Sometimes it's good to be a little weird

Western Literature: Paul and Justin

The bases for Christianity is found in the New Testament. Justin was a Christian Martyr who professed and strongly believed what Jesus taught. Justin compiled a summery of Christianity into a book he called First Apology. A document written between 155-157 he wrote it primarily for Emperor Marcus Aurelius of Rome because he was a harsh persecutor of Christians.

One of the main themes is that God is sovereign, His laws are great and He is good.

Since Justin got his beliefs from the New Testament it is easy to compare them.

In the New Testament Paul talks about how loving his God is, he says that God will proctect and provide for us and he tells us that God is a good judge. He says that loving God and living a good and honest life will earn you eternal life in Heaven. But if you don’t love God and live a dishonest life you will go to hell.

In conclusion, they are very simular.

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Western Civilization: Lesson 105

1. In the west around the 10th and 11th century there was a significant decline in spirituality. This was because monarchy took control of the Catholic Church. This meant that the ruler of the nation also had control of the church. Sadly this meant that sometimes the rulers were very moral people.

When Leo the Ninth was appointed in 1049, rigorous reforms were initiated. He spoke against very many things, but his reform was called ” moderate reform” due to the fact that he didn’t completely speak against the power of laymen ( rulers of the nation) he just suggested they change.

2. Pope Gregory was the greatest contributor to the reform in the 11th century. This is why its called ” The Gregorian Reform.” Gregory didn’t like that the Church was under the rule of kings. He believed that the church and state should be separate. With this in mind Pope Gregory VII set into motion making one of the most radical reform. Henry IV was shocked that the Pope would speak against him like that! And he tried to stop him. Gregory responded by verbally disposing and excommunicating him a couple times. Though he fought this Henry knew that the people took Gregory’s words seriously and he eventually relented.

3. In the Medieval Times Christianity was greatly spread throughout the West. The Chatholic Church was known as a strong influence in society. This is what lead to the west being called     “Christiandom.” Looking at history nobody can deny that Catholicism held much power. And its no surprise that it had so much power and was  so widespread because the monks would go anywhere to convert people.

Western Literature: Jesus’ Ethics vs. Zues’ Ethics

Zues and Jesus couldn’t be more opposite.

Zues was an unpredictable, emotionally driven god that punished and disciplined based on what he personally thought they should get. He threatened, bribed, and was down right mean to the people.

Jesus is a loving, merciful, kind God. He preached kindness and love. He says what will happen to us depending on what we do and it doesn’t change with his emotions. Zues decided whether or not he loved you depending on what you did for him. Jesus loves you no matter what you did or did not do.

Jesus and Zues are extremely different, Christian or not historians know Jesus walked on the Earth.  There is no proof that Zues ever lived.

Western Literature: Adoption and Inheritance

Paul writes that we are adopted into the family of God. And in being adopted into the family we receive an inheritance. Before Christ was crucified the Jews followed the Mosaic Law given to Moses on Mount Siani. The Jews could come into the Kingdom of God! All you have to do is receive Jesus into your heart.

But after Jesus came anyone could come into the Kingdom of God! All you have to do is receive Jesus into your heart.

” Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then a heir through God. However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature are not gods. But now that you have come to know God, how is it that you worthless elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again.” Galations 4:7-9

“For you have not received a spirit of a slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry “Abba!” “Father!” Romans 8:15

This was rare in the Jewish culture. That EVERYBODY was welcome to come?! God doesn’t just want the perfect ones He wants the broken, lonely, and hurt ones. He wants everybody!!

So often people look at the bond of adoption as being less close, I believe God intends it to be stronger!! God ADOPTED  us into his family and He loves us unconditionally! and Paul conveys that very well.

Biology: Water Through a Plant

First of all water comes from the soil to the xylem. The xylem is vascular tissue in plants. The xylem conducts water and dissolved nutrients up from the root. When in the xylem the forces of cohesion and adhesion make the water from a structure kind of like a column. It will then move from there to the mesophyll cells. These are the inside of leaves. The water then leaves the plant.

Western Civilization: Monorialism and Feudalism and William the Conqueror

Throughout the 9th and 10th centuries the vikings were raiding the European coast often. With all the raids many peasants sought protection, this is what caused the systems of Feudalism and Monorialism to happen.

Monorialism was an agreement between the lords and peasants. The agreement between the lords and peasants. The agreement was that the peasants would work for the lords and in return the lords would protect them from the vikings.

Feudalism was an agreement between the lord and his “Army” known as vassals. The lord would give the vassals a portion of land in exchange the vassals would fight for the lord.

 

When Harold was defeated, William the Conqueror was safe and England was safe. William claimed tons of land from the Anglo-Saxons. He gave land to the Normand nobles, though he did keep large portions of land for himself. He also kept track of peoples land so he could heavily tax them. This is just a little of what happened.

Western Civilization: The Koran and Justinian

In the Islamic religion there is one god, Allah. He is not a trinity like Christianity, he is self sufficient. Allah will punish those who don’t believe. He will do this through his followers and bring battles against them.his followers are aloud to kill and torture those who don’t believe. Every Islamic believer must listen to the teachings of Mohammed. Allah seems to have no grace and he doesn’t forgive and personally that isn’t a god I want to serve. But you do you.

 

The kind of person we see from Procopius portrayal of Justinian is a criminal that should be punished. He was not an upstanding person. He knew how  to get people to do as he wanted so he did it and that is not honorary.

Western Literature: The Apostles and Sadducees

The Apostles and Sadducees couldn’t find a way to get along–mostly because the Apostles believed in resurrection of Jesus Christ and the second coming was taught to the Apostles by Jesus, and the Apostles spread it everywhere!

While the Apostles were spreading their knowledge of what had happened and what would happen they contradicted what the Sadducees believed. This made the Sadducees mad and want to kill them.

Sadducees were part of a religious political group in the Roman- Jewish society. They took care of the temple and trained and lead the military. They also collected taxes. They were not like the Pharisee’s because they didn’t believe in on after life.

The Sadducees persecuted the Apostles and even killed some. But the Apostles kept preaching.

To conclude the Sadducees were a political group that didn’t like the Apostles so they tried to shut them up and kill them.

Western Literature: Jesus and the Leaders of Israel

When Jesus came to Earth ha came to shake things up. By the time Jesus came to Earth religion had become a box and either you were in the box or you were out of the box.

The leaders were very strict: everything had to be a certain way.

Jesus was\is not like that. He came to shake up the way people perceived things and he didn’t fit in the box.

And He entered again into the synagogue; and there was a man there which had a withered hand. And they watched him, whether he would heal on the Sabbath days; that they might accuse him. And he saith unto the man with the withered hand, ‘stand forth!” and said unto them “Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath day, or to do evil? to save a life, or to kill?” But they held their peace. Mark 2: 1-4

       We have Christians today that are more strict then Jesus was! These leaders were so strict about how the Sabbath should be treated that they didn’t want to see a man healed. They didn’t want to see a miracle! Jesus did the opposite of almost everything the leaders wanted.

       So therefore the biggest issue dividing Jesus from the leaders of Israel was that He didn’t fit in their box. He was/is the church but they had their idea of what a church should be.  

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